Criminal law encompasses a set of legal principles that outline which actions are considered crimes and how the government can prosecute individuals who engage in such unlawful behavior. Federal, state, and local authorities each maintain their penal codes, which outline the specific crimes they prohibit and the corresponding penalties for offenders. Those who violate these laws may be subjected to fines, probation, or imprisonment. The enforcement of criminal law is carried out by prosecuting attorneys representing the government in lawsuits against criminals.


Criminal law governs a range of offenses, including felonies and misdemeanors, which are deemed offenses against the state. The standard of proof required for crimes is "beyond a reasonable doubt." In India, criminal law encompasses offenses against the state and is regulated by statutes such as the Indian Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), and the Indian Evidence Act.


Criminal law primarily deals with conduct that poses a threat to public safety and welfare, and it establishes punishments for committing such acts. For instance, laws prohibiting murder are part of substantive criminal law, defining the crimes and their corresponding penalties. On the other hand, Criminal Procedure refers to the process through which the government enforces these substantive laws. It involves gathering evidence and prosecuting offenders, which is considered a procedural aspect of criminal law.

Icon 2
Section 302- Murder
The act of committing murder carries two possible penalties: either a death sentence or life imprisonment, along with the obligation to pay a fine. Murder convictions can result in either a death sentence or life imprisonment, accompanied by the requirement to pay a fine.
Icon 2
Section 307 – Attempt to murder
It specifies that anyone who performs an action with the intention or knowledge that it could cause the death of another person shall be deemed guilty of murder. The punishment for this offense is imprisonment for a period of up to ten years.
Icon 3
Section 309- Attempt to commit suicide
A person who makes an attempt to commit suicide and takes any action towards the commission of such an act shall face punishment. The punishment may involve simple imprisonment for a period that can extend up to one year, or a fine, or both.
Icon 4
Section 363- Kidnapping
The act of kidnapping any individual from India or from their lawful guardianship is a punishable offense. The person committing this act shall face imprisonment for a duration of up to seven years, in addition to being liable to pay a fine.
Icon 2
Section 376- Rape
The commission of sexual assault will result in punishment. The individual responsible shall be subject to imprisonment, with a term not less than seven years and not exceeding ten years, along with the obligation to pay a fine. For further information on Section 376 and related matters, please feel free to contact us to discuss the legal provisions.
Icon 2
Section 392- Punishment for robbery
Those who engage in robbery will face punishment in the form of rigorous imprisonment for a duration that can extend up to ten years, along with the requirement to pay a fine. If the robbery takes place on a highway between sunset and sunrise, the imprisonment period may be extended to fourteen years.
Icon 3
Section 147- Punishment for rioting
The offense of rioting is addressed in Section 147 of the IPC. It states that those found guilty of rioting will be subjected to imprisonment for a period that may extend to two years, or a fine, or both, as deemed appropriate by the court. Rioting, as outlined in Section 147 of the IPC, may lead to imprisonment, a fine, or both.
Icon 4
Section 351- Assault
An individual who intentionally or knowingly makes a gesture or takes any preparatory action that causes another person to fear that criminal force is about to be used against them commits an assault. Assault can occur when someone intentionally or knowingly makes gestures or preparatory actions that create fear in another person of impending criminal force.
Icon 2
Section 354A- Sexual Harassment
Sexual harassment includes unwanted physical contact and advances, as well as demands or requests for sexual favors, or the display of pornography. This is a crime with one of the most numbers of cases reported in India. Know more about this Section.
Icon 2
Section 378- Theft
The act of theft occurs when someone, with the intention of dishonestly taking movable property without the owner's consent, moves the property with the purpose of carrying out the theft.It constitutes a criminal offense, leading to legal consequences and potential penalties.
Icon 3
Section 497- Adultery
Adultery is committed by anyone who engages in sexual intercourse with a person they know or have reason to believe is another man's wife, without the consent or connivance of that man. This act, not amounting to the offense of rape, is punishable.
Icon 4
Section 499- Defamation
Defamation occurs when someone communicates or publishes a false statement, accusation, or false imputation about another person, whether through spoken words, written communication, gestures, or any other medium.
Icon 2
Section 468- Forgery for purpose of cheating
Whoever commits forgery, intending that the 1[document or electronic record forged] shall be used for the purpose of cheating, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Icon 2
Section 12A of the SEBI Act, 1992
Section 12A of the SEBI Act, 1992, pertains to the prohibition and punishment for insider trading in securities markets, aiming to ensure fairness, transparency, and integrity within the financial system. That signifies Section 12A.
Icon 3
Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA)
The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA) is a crucial legislation in India that focuses on preventing and combating money laundering and the generation of illicit proceeds, providing a framework for investigation.
Icon 4
Section 66E
Whoever, intentionally or knowingly captures, publishes or transmits the image of a private area of any person without his or her consent, under circumstances violating the privacy of that person, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years.

Why choose us

At Sujata Associates, we are a seasoned and adaptable business consulting firm. We are proud to deliver top-notch services in India, with a level of cost-effectiveness that sets us apart from other companies. Our expertise and experience allow us to provide unparalleled solutions that meet the unique needs of our clients, making us the preferred choice for businesses seeking exceptional consulting services.
With over 25 years of experience, Sujata Associates has established itself as a trusted provider of legal business solutions. Over the years, we have diligently built our reputation, and today, we proudly stand as one of the leading business registration firms in India. Our consistent track record of delivering exceptional services and our commitment to client satisfaction have earned us a strong position in the industry.
Client security is our top priority. Our privacy policy and payment gateways are secure and trustworthy, ensuring 100% confidentiality. Our commitment to safeguarding our clients' information has resulted in a high rate of repeat business. Guaranteed satisfaction that will make you come back!
We have a team of skilled professionals including Accountants, CAs, Lawyers, Cost Accountants, Ex-Bankers, and Financial Experts, making Sujata Associates your one-stop solution for all your business legal needs.
With over 1000+ satisfied clients across India, we prioritize customer satisfaction and deliver with integrity and efficiency. Our focus on brand visibility and customer targeting results in repeated business from our satisfied clients. Check out our testimonials!
At Sujata Associates, we go beyond being a business consulting firm. We are your trusted legal partner, providing comprehensive solutions for your business needs. Our commitment to going the extra mile for our clients sets us apart.

Helped over 500+ Enterpreneurs

To launch their startups


India's admired platform in legal & compliance services


With over 1000+ satisfied clients across India, we prioritize customer satisfaction and deliver with integrity and efficiency. Our focus on brand visibility and customer targeting results in repeated business from our satisfied clients. Check out our testimonials!